The role of stage lighting in opera art


Opera is a comprehensive art. The development of opera art is inseparable from collective creative labor. As a perfect combination of stage lighting and director and dance beauty, including scene modeling, character makeup modeling, clothing, singing music and actor performance, it has greatly improved the presentation power of Opera Dance stage. The stage lighting of opera is an integral part of opera art. Through various artistic means and technical operations, it creates the charm that makes people feel happy, edify their feelings and even shock. When presented as the overall stage picture, the role of lighting and its artistic effect promote the development of opera art, Lighting is the soul of opera art.


1、 The use of a large number of lights has changed the viewing space of the theater

In "charming stage lighting" - this book, Max Keller once said: stage art reflects life, so the light on the stage sometimes reflects darkness. Light stimulates our senses through various stimuli. It not only changes the chaotic world, but also gives the world color and hierarchy. The art of light is a process of repeated creation. After the restoration of traditional opera in the late 1970s, most of the performances of traditional opera used white light and red light. With the continuous development of modern drama, the concept of drama stage has become more broad, and the theater has become a big stage to interpret life and interpret the fate of characters. I remember the modern Pingju "under the ginkgo tree" rehearsed by our group in 1998, which reflected the grand event of China's reform through the democratic election of village directors in rural areas. The play described an uproar caused by the election of village directors in a mountain village in Eastern Hebei in the 1990s. Therefore, it launched a contest between power and law, emotion and reason, and portrayed a group of fresh characters. There are Bai Wancheng, the old village head who has no political achievements, is unwilling to step down and is unwilling to lose the election, and Jin Fu, the head of the shrimp farm who spends money to buy votes for personal gain; There were Qiu Shi, a young intellectual who had no intention of running for office at first, but was later angered by the money and power exchange in the election. He was angry and broke through his personal relationship. He was determined to be elected. There were Mingyue, a young woman caught in a dilemma between her father and her lover; There were relatives who begged their son Qiu Shi to withdraw from the election in memory of the old village head... The stage space environment of the third grove described a play in which the protagonist Qiu Shi, a young intellectual, and the young woman Mingyue communicated their thoughts and looked forward to a better future (due to the restrictions of the conditions at that time, there was no computer light). In terms of lighting design, the image lamp is used to outline the shadow of ginkgo trees, and then the color matching of large return light, small return light, spotlight and color changer, as well as the comprehensive utilization of surface light, backlight and overseas Chinese light, the spotlight directly highlights the characters. Under the light, there is a scene of spring on the stage, which is very modern and youthful, It makes the stage picture create a lyrical and romantic artistic effect, and won the applause of the audience at the beginning, which is refreshing. At the invitation of the Art Department of the Ministry of culture, the play was performed in Jinjing in late December 1999 and was highly praised. It is also one of the plays organized by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Hebei Provincial Committee and the Hebei Provincial Department of culture. In the creative practice of opera stage art, it shows the charm of "light", and light is the soul of opera art.


2、 The continuous renewal of modern lighting equipment has promoted the development of opera art

With the development of modern science and technology, the use of lighting equipment and computer technology has brought more means to opera lighting creation. The diversity of means of expression has further expanded the function of light, and significantly improved its aesthetic value and artistic expression on the opera stage. The wide application of computer lights and high-tech large screen (LED) shows different space-time scenes and sci-fi image effects, which opens up the development prospect for the drama stage lighting industry.

The large-scale modern Pingju "live on the Great Wall" rehearsed and performed by our troupe in 2009 tells the story of the hero's sister-in-law he Wenjing's family and the army support art troupe led by her. They are not afraid of difficulties and dangers and are in earthquake relief in Wenchuan disaster areas. The plot is based on the story of supporting the army in Qinhuangdao City, but the plot goes beyond the regional restrictions: from Tangshan to Wenchuan, from family to society, from "small self" to "big self" and then to "no self". It not only breaks the single value orientation of the theme of supporting the army in the past, but also shows that the mother and daughter of two generations of military sisters-in-law, because of one another, shine on the earth with the "flame of soul" in the field of life and death of "disaster". It fully demonstrated the heroic deeds of the army and the people working together to overcome difficulties in the face of major disasters and the great spirit of fearing no sacrifice and selfless dedication, and successfully created the image of a military sister-in-law with soldiers as an example and soldiers as a bosom friend.

Different light source designs define different spaces. "Light" plays a very distinct role in creating different seasons, different climates, different spaces and even different emotions. In the second scene of living at the head of the Great Wall, facing the earthquake disaster in Wenchuan, the protagonist he Wenjing recalls the story of being rescued by PLA soldiers during the Tangshan earthquake in 1976. It needs flashback processing on the stage, crossing time and space, showing the scenes of two ages, using the front and rear performance areas of the same space to show the moment of the earthquake at that time, In the strong music, lightning and thunder. In terms of lighting design, the artistic technique of expressing feelings through scenery and moving light with feelings is adopted, that is, through the use of fixed-point lighting, the division of light and the comparative changes of cold light and warm light to realize the passage through time and space on the stage, depict shocking pictures with magnificent vision and hearing, and present the unique emotion of blending the situation and scenery of two different years and the artistic effect with a very three-dimensional sense. For another example, the plot describes the people's Liberation Army's timely rescue of the local people after the Wenchuan earthquake. Through the arrangement of soft and hard scenes, coupled with the actors' physical actions, the computer light beam flashback is used as a foil to make it replace the virtual with the real, supplement the real with the virtual, and generate the virtual and real, so as to vividly show the scene of the PLA soldiers climbing the cableway, It vividly shows the skilled military skills of the soldiers of the army. At the same time, it won bursts of applause from the audience. The whole performance, whether it is lighting and sound, dance design, singing music, or the cooperation between bands and actors, left a deep and beautiful impression on the audience, and also reflected the charm of modern opera stage lighting.


After the premiere of the play in August 2009, the audience, experts and leaders all gave high praise and high hopes for the future of the play. He has successively won the "Hongsheng Cup" excellent Drama Award of the eighth Hebei Drama Festival and the first prize of the third China Drama Award Hebei trial competition.

As a drama stage lighting worker, facing today's computer age, only by constantly learning and trying to explore the application of stage lighting can we add luster to the development of drama.